What Is Muharram
Muharram is one of the most significant months in the Islamic calendar Muharram marks the beginning of a new Islamic year
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) refers to this month as “the Sacred Month
of Allah” and it is also referred to as Muharram-ul-Haram.
It is a very significant and fortunate month for a number of reasons, which we’ll get into below
There are 12 [lunar] months in Allah’s calendar starting on the day He created the heavens and the earth,
of which four are holy
. Do not mislead yourself during them; that is the right religion or method
. And unite in opposition to the unbelievers as they unite in opposition to you.
And be aware that Allah is with those who fear Him. The Quran (9:36).
During this month, every action, good or evil, is weighed more heavily on the scales,
therefore Muslims should make an effort to do better.
Although many Muslims mark Muharram to remember the Prophet Muhammad (SAW),
Muharram is noteworthy because Allah (SWT) designated it as one of the four sacred months of the year.
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The Ashura Day
The Day of Ashura commemorates the day when the Israelites and Prophet Musa (Moses) (AS)
were delivered from the Pharaoh by Allah (SWT), who carved a passage through the sea.
The ultimate exit of Prophet Nuh (Noah) (AS) from the Ark was another noteworthy
the event that took place on the Day of Ashura.
Observing A Fast On Ashura Day:
Even before the arrival of Islam, people fasted on Ashura.
The Jews were fasting on “Ashura” when the Prophet addressed them (S.A.W.)
They came at Madinah during the exodus, and they declared:
This is the day Moses triumphed over Pharaoh.
In response to his companions (R.A.), the Prophet (S.W.) said,
“You (Muslims) have more right than they have to commemorate Moses’ victory, so fast on this day.
. When the Companions (R.A.) notified the Prophet (S.W.) that the ninth day of Muharram had arrived, the Prophet (S.W.) said:
is also commemorated by Jews and Christians as a day of fasting; the Prophet (S.A.W.) said, “If I live till next year,
To encourage them, he remarked, “I will likewise observe the ninth day (of Muharram) as a day of fasting.”
The Prophet (S.A.W.) did not survive to see the following year.
Muslims observe fasting on the ninth and tenth of Muharram due to the significance of these dates in the Islamic calendar.
According to the Hadith, it is preferred, but not obligatory, to combine the fast on the 10th of Muharram with another fast,
preferably on the 9th of Muharram, since the Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) intended to differentiate the two fasts.
Jews, who exclusively fast on the 10th of Muharram, observe a different manner of fasting than Muslims.
The majority of experts, however, agree that the Ashura fast should be observed on Muharram’s ninth or eleventh day.
Additionally, fasting used to be mandatory on the 10th of Muharram.
Signifying The Ramadan
Fasting was later made optional on the 10th of Muharram and only made mandatory during Ramadan.
Whoever desires to also fast (on the day of “Ashura”) may do so,
and whoever wishes to leave it may do so, the Prophet (S.A.W.) is said to have remarked.
according to Ayesha (R.A). However, even after Ramadan fasting became mandatory,
the Prophet (S.A.W.) continued to observe the Ashura fast.
Except this day (Ashura Day) and this month,
Ibn Abbas (R.A.) said, “I don’t know Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W.) singling out
any day’s fast and considering it more magnificent than others.
When asked whether they would observe a fast on Ashura Day
. signifying the Ramadan month
. The 10th of Muharram also used to be a necessary day for fasting
. Later, on the 10th of Muharram, also fasting became optional; it was also only required during Ramadan.
According to Ayesha (R.A.), the Prophet (S.A.W.) reportedly said: “Whoever desires to fast (on the day of “Ashura”) may do so,
and whoever wishes to leave it can do, however, even when Ramadan fasting became required,
the Prophet (S.A.W.) continued his Ashura fast.
Except for this day (the day of Ashura) and this month,
Ibn Abbas (R.A.) said, “I don’t know Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W.) singling out any
day’s fast and finding it more magnificent than another.”
When asked whether they would observe a fast on Ashura Day, which symbolizes the Ramadan month.
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