Muawiya’s Importance In Islam
The civil wars were also a turning point in Islamic history.
The period of the Khulfa e Rashidoon came to an end.
The sectarianism between Shi’a and Sunnis,
which has run like a great fault line
throughout Islamic history, has resurfaced.
At the Euphrates River, the boundary between
Persia and Syria were hardened.
The Kharijites and their brand of fanaticism
were born out of the upheavals.
Muslim historians refer to civil conflicts as
“final Kabir” for these reasons (the great schism).
Killing Of Ali ibn Abu Talib (R.A)
With the killing of Ali ibn Abu Talib (R.A),
the Islamic world’s age of faith came to an end.
The Prophet established a civilisation in
which religion reigned supreme.
Abu Bakr (R.A), Omar (R.A), Uthman (R.A),
and Ali (R.A) all worked hard to
build on the Prophet’s foundation.
Never before or after has, there been a period in history
like the first forty years after the Hijra.
For a brief moment, trust in
God’s transcendence triumphed over
the soldier’s blade and the merchant’s money.
Madina was the capital of the world’s
most powerful kingdom The kings.
on the other hand, wandered the land like mendicants,
with God’s terror in their hearts and
the vision of the hereafter in their spirits.
Even As Islam Extended Throughout Asia And Africa’s Huge Continents
Even as Islam extended throughout Asia and Africa’s huge continents,
it was also opposed by the power of money.
Some Arabs couldn’t resist the lure of Persia’s great wealth,
which had amassed over centuries of the imperial reign.
During the reign of Uthman (r), a conflict arose
between faith and riches, which devoured his Caliphate.
The Umayyads rose from the ashes
to establish their dynasty dominion.
In Islamic history, Emir Muawiya Was The First Soldier-King
In Islamic history, Emir Muawiya was the first soldier-king.
The system he also created lasted until the 18th century,
when European merchants displaced Asian and
African Muslim soldier-kings.
Muawiya, a brilliant soldier, astute politician, and
capable administrator brought Ali Ibn Talib(R.A) to a halt and
declared himself Caliph in 658. Muawiya began
planning an invasion of Mecca,
Madina, and Iraq as soon as Ali Ibn Talib (R.A) was slain (661).
Hassan Ibn Ali (R.A)
Hassan ibn Ali had been elected Caliph at Kufa, and
he led an army of 12,000 Iraqis to confront Muawiya.
The Iraqis, on the other hand,
proved to be untrustworthy partners and
defected before the combat even began.
Hassan abdicated the Caliphate in favour of Muawiya
at the Treaty of Madayen (661),
in exchange for general amnesty and
a 200,000 dirham yearly salary.
He also retired to Madina and
became a distinguished teacher and imam there.
The abdication put an end to the
first phase of the civil wars,
which had also begun with Uthman’s (R.A) killing.
It also strengthened Muawiya’s control over all Muslim lands.
The Treaty Of Madayen Transferred Control From
The Quraish Bani Hashim To The Banu Omayyad
The Treaty of Madayen transferred control from
the Quraish Bani Hashim to
the Banu Omayyad, another clan of the Quraish.
The Bani Hashim were also the keepers of the Ka’ba in pre-Islamic times,
while the Banu Omayya were wealthy merchants
in charge of Mecca’s security.
The Bani Hashim were priests,
whereas the Banu Omayya were also merchants and
soldiers in contemporary terms.
During the early days of Islam,
prominent members of Banu Omayya (such as Abu Sufyan)
were vehemently opposed to the Prophet’s mission,
but after the capture of Mecca, they joined the new faith (628).
The Battle Of Siffin
The Prophet(PBUH) had also hoped to unite the two tribes under
the umbrella of Islam’s transcendence.
The Caliphate of Abu Bakr (R.A) and Omar (R.A) kept
the newfound unity alive.
The longstanding feud resurfaced with
the Caliphate of Uthman (R.A),
himself an Omayyad. As previously stated,
several Banu Omayya members took
advantage of Uthman’s (religious )’s and
retiring demeanour and amassed an immense fortune.
As an also result of this development, Uthman (R.A)
was also accused of partiality, which led to his assassination.
Ali Ibn Talib (R.A) was named Caliph in the subsequent confusion,
but Muawiya, an Omayyad, sought visas
for Uthman’s blood before
accepting Ali’s Ibn Talib (R.A) Caliphate.
Ali Ibn Talib (R.A) was unable to do
so due to political constraints,
and Muawiya successfully used this weakness
to persuade Syrians to
reject Ali Ibn Talib (R.A) and wage war against him.
History tends to repeat itself.
Human divisions based on tribes,
countries and races reappear regularly.
The seized riches of Persia helped the Banu Omayyad,
who were merchants and
fighters in pre-Islamic times, Bani Hashim,
on the other hand, attempted to maintain
the Islamic community’s focus
on Islam’s rough simplicity Uthman (R.A),
the third Caliph was an Omayyad and
a devout, modest, retiring old man.
During his reign, the power of money manifested itself, and
those in a position to exploit it,
notably, the Banu Omayya merchant-soldier class did so.
Ali Ibn Talib (R.A)
When Ali Ibn Talib (R.A), a Hashimite,
attempted to reroute history
towards the immaculate purity of Islam,
religion and greed collided,
resulting in civil conflicts pitting Banu Omayyad
against Bani Hashim.
The merchant-warrior triumphed in
the first phase of the civil wars, and
the authority of religion was also abdicated.
An era came to an end, and a new one began.
The Kharijites were also born during the civil wars.
As previously stated, they were unhappy men that
walked out of Ali’s Ibn Talib (R.A) camp when he accepted
Muawiya’s offer of arbitration.
Although their perspective was couched
in democratic words,
it was also radical.
They also tried to support their erroneous claim that
Ali Ibn Talib(R.A) had betrayed his religion.
They also believed that the Caliphate should be available
to any skilled Muslim, not simply Quraish.
Their techniques were violent, and
they unleashed a vicious reign of terror,
slaughtering men, women, and
children without discrimination.
Ali Ibn Talib(R.A) and Muawiya
They were also attacked by both Ali Ibn Talib(R.A) and Muawiya.
The Kharijites returned to Islamic history as a
rebellious tribe for five hundred years,
despite being beaten time and time again.
They also abandoned their aggressive traditions
in the 14th century and settled in North Africa.
Some historians, like Ibn Batuta, who journeyed across
North Africa in 1330-1334,
link them to the Ibadis, who are noted for their
devotional poetry in honour of the Prophet.
The Muslim Armies’ Explosive March Had Been Halted By Civil Warfare
Mahlab bin Abi Safra conquered modern-day Pakistan’s border territories.
In Central Asia, Saeed bin Uthman conquered Samarqand and Bukhara.
Uqba bin Nafi flew from North Africa to
the Atlantic Ocean in a single day.
This is also a great general was the one who,
upon reaching the ocean,
rode his horse ahead until it couldn’t go any more,
then turned to the sky and said,
“O, God!” I would have travelled to the farthest corners of the globe
to laud Thy Name if not for this ocean’s interruption.”
This also outburst encapsulates the impetus
for early Muslim conquests in a nutshell.
Faith was also the driving factor behind this forward motion.
Muslims are also educated by Islam that
humans were also born free and
a person’s being ought to bow down solely to God.
the first Muslim fight was also to construct
a worldwide order during
which solely God’s name was also exalted and men and
girls were also emancipated from the thralldom to false gods
or dictators United Nations agency imitative to be gods.
Emir Muawiya’s greatest enduring accomplishment was
the development of a strong navy to interrupt the
Byzantine Empire’s grasp on the Japanese Mediterranean.
A navy was also established, and
Jonadab bin Abi Umayyah was also named emeer ul Bahr,
which is also the origin of the country’s word Admiral.
Rhodes and alternative Japanese Mediterranean islands were taken,
and Stamboul, the Byzantine Empire’s capital, was also enclosed in 671.
The military blockade lasted an extended time.
The Greeks were well-versed in the use of resolvent
“Greek fire”, a forerunner to modern gasoline, and
Byzantine fortifications were powerful.
Emir Muawiya was a soldier United Nations agency that
was also notably involved with the defence force.
He was also an individual of military technological advancements.
Muslim engineers devised the “Minjenique” to push huge stones
over opposing walls throughout Muawiya’s reign.
He also upgraded the military by developing specialist troops for
warfare within the desert and in icy environments.
There were also new fortifications designed.
Muawiya was also the primary ruler to
issue coins with Arabic inscriptions,
displacing Byzantine and Persian currencies and
reestablishing the Muslim state’s financial independence.
The town of Kairouan was also supported within the Maghrib.
The executive records were a lot unionized.
Previous canals were re-excavated and
new canals were mamma.
The police were also beefed up, and
Omar ibn al Khattab’s (R.A) communication system,
which had also been established for military usage,
was also currently receptive to the whole public.
Muawiya Bin Abu Sufyan
Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan was also a
Companion of the Prophet(PBUH),
and therefore also the Prophet(PBUH) utilized his skills as a
Qur’an author on multiple occasions.
He’s also regarded by all Muslims during this role.
Variations emerge attributable to his
operation as also a historical character.
Whereas also his achievements were notable,
he’s also conjointly remembered because
the emeer United Nations agency allowable
Ali ibn Abu Talib (R.A) to be cursed publicly,
a practice that was eventually abolished by
calif Omar bin Abdel Aziz(R.A) fifty years later (719).
Also, Muawiya’s dictator son Yazid was forced into Islamic history.
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