Ashura Fasting On 9th And 10th Muharram
Ashura Fasting there was a sizable Jewish population in Madinah when
the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) made his home there.
On the tenth of Muharram, he observed that Jews observed fasts.
They explained that they commemorated the day God
the Almighty delivered Prophet Moses from a grave peril
when he was asked why they were fasting.
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) fasted
that day because he claimed that he and the Muslims
were closer to Moses than the Jews.
Until his passing, he kept up his voluntary act of
worship of fasting on the tenth of Muharram.
He declared that year that he would fast on the ninth
and the tenth of Muharram if he lived to the following year.
Although the purpose of his fast in Muharram is
the same as that of the Jews, it is most probable that he
wished to set it apart from theirs.
Ashura Fasting Benefits
There are four benefits of Ashura fasting.
1. Ashura’s History
The Quraish and residents of Makkah had a pre-Islamic
the custom of fasting on the tenth day of Muharram,
according to a narration narrated by Aishah r.a.,
the Prophet s.a.w wife.
It was also observed by the Prophet s.a.w. But
when the Prophet s.a.w. moved to Madinah,
he discovered that some of “the People of
the Book” were also fasting that day.
They responded when Rasulullah s.a.w asked them
why they were fasting on that particular day.
هذا يَوْمٌ عَظِيمٌ، وهو يَوْمٌ نَجَّى اللَّهُ فيه مُوسَى، وأَغْرَقَ آلَ فِرْعَوْنَ، فَصَامَ مُوسَى شُكْرًا لِلَّهِ
2. Why fast on Ashura
The Prophet s.a.w. remarked in a Hadith according to Imam Muslim:
أَفْضَلُ الصِّيامِ، بَعْدَ رَمَضانَ، شَهْرُ اللهِ المُحَرَّمُ
Allah’s month, which you call Muharram, is the finest time
to fast following Ramadan, according to Islam.”
The 10th of Muharram is the date of Ashura.
Fasting on Ashura is one of the best things you can do for your soul!
According to Imam Muslims, our beloved Prophet s.a.w
made Doa to Allah to pardon the previous year’s sins
for all those who fast on the day of Ashura in a Hadith.
صِيامُ يومِ عاشُوراءَ، إِنِّي أحْتَسِبُ على اللهِ أنْ يُكَفِّرَ السنَةَ التِي قَبْلَهُ
“I believe that fasting on Ashura Day will atone
for my misdeeds from the previous year.”
Ibn Abbas r.a. claimed that Rasulullah s.a.w prioritized the fast on
the day of Ashura over other days, besides the days of Ramadan, he said:
ما رَأَيْتُ النبيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عليه وسلَّمَ يَتَحَرَّى صِيَامَ يَومٍ فَضَّلَهُ علَى غيرِهِ إلَّا هذا اليَومَ؛ يَومَ عَاشُورَاءَ، وهذا الشَّهْرَ. يَعْنِي شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ
Other than during Ramadan, I don’t recall ever witnessing
Rasulullah s.a.w. be so eager to fast as he is for Ashura.
On Ashura, however, fasting is a voluntary deed
(sunnah) and not a duty (wajib), as the Prophet s.a.w stated:
مَنْ شَاءَ صَامَهُ، وَمَنْ شَاءَ لَمْ يَصُمْهُ
“You can go fast if you want to, and those who don’t have to.”
3. When is Ashura fasting
On the tenth day of Muharram, the Ashura fast is observed.
Muslims are advised to fast on the ninth and eleventh of Muharram,
which are the days before and after Ashura.
In a hadith, the Prophet s.a.w. stated:
صُومُوا قَبْلَهُ يَوْمًا، أَوْ بَعْدَهُ يَوْمًا
Fast the day before Ashura and the day after.
According to Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim, there are three levels of fasting on Ashura,
with the first level being “the best” and “most complete,”
and the other two levels following suit:
1. Fasting for three days in a row on the 9th, 10th, and 11th of Muharram.
2. Only fasting on Muharram 9, 10.
3. Only observe the fast on Muharram 10th.
There is, however, no commitment.
Feel free to carry out whatever is most practical and handy for you.
10th and 11th Muharram, Ashura, tasks, and asura are all days of fasting.
The white days, which are the 13th, 14th, and 15th of
the Hijri month when the moon is at its fullest and most brilliant,
are additional fasting days to look forward to.
4. What happened to Ashura
A tragic chapter in Islamic history also occurred on this day,
the 10th of Muharram, in addition to the freeing events that happened on that day.
Sayyidina Hussein r.a., the beloved Prophet
Muhammad s.a.wgrandson is thought to have perished tragically on this day.
He lost his life while battling for freedom from oppression.
Let’s not forget this terrible event from our history as
we observe the Day of Ashura. On this day, we remember
how hatred and division can result in the destruction and the
death of innocent people. As we reflect on this day,
let us recommit to continuing to spread goodness and reject evil.
We advocate for harmony rather than division, amity rather
than hostility, and love rather than hatred.
We ask Allah SWT to shine His mercy upon us
and grant us the ability to love the Prophet
Muhammad s.a.w., his family, and companions.
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